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Gum and Periodontal Disease
Gum disease, also referred to as periodontis or periodontal disease, starts with bacterial growth in the mouth, and if not properly treated, it can lead to tooth loss when the tissue surrounding the teeth is destroyed. Gum disease is caused by a sticky film of bacteria known as plaque that forms on the teeth. This disease involves an infection of the gums, and because it is typically painless, you might not even know that you have it.

Gum Disease Warning Signs


Gum Disease PainEven in the late gum disease stages, there may not be any obvious signs that you are living with this problem. Symptoms can be subtle, but the condition is not completely without warning signs. Certain symptoms could point to the disease:

•  Gums that bleed while brushing your teeth
•  Gums that appear red, tender, or swollen
•  Receding gums
•  A bad taste in the mouth
•  Chronic bad breath
•  Shifting or loose teeth
•  The development of deep pockets between the gums and teeth
•  Changes in how the teeth fit together when you bite down

Even without symptoms, you could still have gum disease, as the condition could only affect certain parts of your smile, including the molars. We can identify gum disease and determine how far the condition has progressed.

Gingivitis


Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, but fortunately, at this point in the condition the disease is still reversible. With professional cleanings from our office and better oral hygiene practices at home, you can usually eliminate the problem. You’ll likely notice that you are experiencing gingivitis if your gums are swollen, red, and tend to bleed easily. Proper brushing and flossing is a great way to correct this problem and to prevent it from returning in the future.

Periodontitis


Advanced gum disease stages are known as periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis often results in loss of the bone and tissue that support the teeth. This condition will worsen over time, and as it does, your teeth will begin to loosen and will likely start shifting in your mouth.

Periods of rapid progression are possible with periodontitis. Aggressive periodontitis is a destructive form of periodontal disease, and it occurs in patients who may be otherwise healthy. Common symptoms include rapid bone and tissue loss in some or all of the mouth.

Dental and medical professionals are concerned about the link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases. Wile a definitive connection has not been identified, some researchers believe that severe gum disease could be associated with other health conditions, including stroke or diabetes.

Regular dental checkups, including periodontal exams are extremely important for your overall oral health. Our dentists can utilize a variety of treatment methods to help you to overcome your gum disease, but the first step is an exam to determine the extent of the problem and how far the condition has progressed. Proper home dental care is also crucial in preventing gum disease from becoming a serious and recurring problem.

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1809 NW Davis St, Portland, OR 97209
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